[ Herbal Remedies ]

Understanding and living with glaucoma and non-communicable diseases like hypertension and diabetes in the Jhaukhel-Duwakot

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are those diseases that are not passed from person to person. Differentials in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases among older people are examined in the context of socio-cultural perspectives in multi-ethnic Malaysia. As far as diabetes and NCDs are concerned, we all know where we are: in drastic state indeed. The MPAQ was administered by trained interviewers to 543 individuals of either gender aged 20 years and above from urban and rural areas in 10 states of India from May to August 2011, followed by a repeat administration within a month for assessing reliability. Objective The objective of this project is to strengthen the capacity of the health care system in order to prevent, detect and manage diabetes, its complications and related co morbid conditions. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases and their combinations attending OPDs of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. Although NCD burdens are currently largest among affluent groups in South Asia, many adverse risk factors are concentrated among the poor, portending a future increase in disease burden among lower income individuals.

This report includes not only the four major NCDs (the focus of the UN meeting), but also mental illness, which is a major contributor to the burden of disease worldwide. We treat predominantly patients with diabetes, coronary artery disease, hypertension, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, thyroid disease, and epilepsy. The obese proportion with a BMI index of >30 was 12.0%. We also revealed a gap between knowledge, attitude, and practice of health among women and healthy men. The proportion of CVD was 40% among selected NCDs in non-specialist institutions. Countries will choose the interventions that best suit their needs. The EADSG is committed to excellence in research, education, and management of diabetes and other NCDs.

However, tailored health literacy programs may bring changes in the health status in the community. Worldwide, glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness, outnumbered only by cataract (1). Dr. In addition to age, gender, and family history of glaucoma, reports suggest that systemic hypertension and diabetes mellitus (diabetes) are risk factors for POAG (4–6). Earlier we demonstrated possible association between POAG, hypertension, and diabetes (7). Moreover, Nepal is experiencing increased incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including hypertension and diabetes (8–10), implying the likelihood that POAG may become more prevalent. A questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, family history, and past medical history (including history of abortion, stillbirth, previous child with birth weight more than 4 kg, gestational diabetic mellitus for women) was completed.

But the primary and major underlying cause of the common variety of Type 2 diabetes is an unhealthy lifestyle and unhealthy environment causing excess body fat, particularly around the waist. The above study also reveals moderate to severe visual impairment in 9.8% of POAG cases at time of diagnosis and 4.7% legally blind due to glaucoma (7). Another study from Nepal demonstrates severe loss of visual field among glaucoma patients who present late to hospital (11). Additionally, another study originating from Nepal reports lack of sufficient knowledge of glaucoma among patients who attend eye hospitals (12). A study from the United States shows that, people who know that they are at risk of glaucoma fail to return for follow-up visits even when they receive free health care (13), suggesting that disease detection depends on health-seeking behavior. Health-seeking behavior is described by theories and concepts such as the health belief model (HBM) (14), health locus of control (15), and health literacy (16). According to the HBM, perceived severity of and vulnerability to a disease, as well as perceived benefits and barriers to changing health behavior, will decide an individual’s attitude and decisions about the disease (14).

Health locus of control refers to the extent to which individuals believe they participate in and control events that affect their health. Individuals with an internal locus of control believe that their own behavior and active involvement in health care is vital to improving their outcome (15). Low health literacy associates with poorer health outcomes, less learning from health education, less use of health services, and less involvement in self-care and self-management of health problems (16). Descriptive analysis of diabetes-related amputations at the Colonial War Memorial Hospital, Fiji, 2010 – 2012. For example, there are few cancer treatment options in West Africa outside of Ghana or Nigeria, or going all the way down to South Africa. Another man stood up and told how he always made sure to put a bit of gasoline in his drinking water to cure his diabetes. The study was carried out during December 2013 in the JD-HDSS in Nepal’s Bhaktapur district, about 13 kilometers from Kathmandu (18).

FGDs were conducted in an open and quiet room in the office of a local political party, which was known to all participants and located close to their homes.

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