The word “cellulitis” actually means “inflammation of the cells.” Specifically, cellulitis refers to an infection of the tissue just below the skin surface. The present study defines the prevalence of diabetes and glucose tolerance impairment in a group presenting with cellulitis to a teaching hospital. These include: •being obese (excessively overweight) •having a weakened immune system •having poorly controlled diabetes •having circulation problems •having chickenpox or shingles •having lymphoedema •having long-term untreated athlete’s foot or fungal toenail infection •intravenous drug use •having previous episodes of cellulitis These are briefly discussed below. 2015; 4(2): 1392-1401. Even something as small as a scratch or an insect bite allows bacteria to enter the skin, which may lead to an infection. Cellulitis often occurs on the legs. If it is left untreated, it can spread and become life-threatening.
  In severe penicillin allergy in which there is type-I immediate hypersensitivity reaction, a non-beta-lactam antibiotic is indicated. This damage can be caused by prior cellulitis infections, surgical removal of lymph nodes, removal of veins for vein grafts somewhere else in the body, and radiation to the area. Infections are often caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus Aureus and Group A Streptococcus. Cellulitis can usually be diagnosed from its characteristic appearance. What did he do? Cellulitis occurs when organisms breach the integrity of the cutaneous barrier. Antibiotic treatment has significantly reduced the incidence of blindness and death.
All patients presenting with cellulitis should have a fasting blood sugar level determined as part of routine workup. Chickenpox (which usually only affects children) and shingles (which usually affects people aged 50 and older) are viral infections caused by the herpes varicella-zoster virus. K. In children, Haemophilus influenzae type B frequently causes orbital cellulitis following a sinus infection. This test determines the type of organism causing the cellulitis, if it is spreading to the blood, as well as which antibiotics would be most effective in treating it. Change them at least daily or whenever the bandage becomes wet or dirty. Cellulitis in association with a diabetic foot ulcer may be secondary to aerobic gram-negative bacilli as well as anaerobic organisms.
It’s time to have your doctor take a look if you’re taking care of a wound as above and you notice that the wound is getting red, more painful, warm to the touch, or is draining. There are antibiotics that are given standardly for cellulitis. Bacterial sampling of the portal of entry, such as ulcers or interdigital erosions, is of greater importance when there is a high local prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. Diabetics often have ulcers that are hard to heal. In recent reports, bacterial swabs were positive for β-haemolytic streptococci and/or S. Some people also experience nausea, vomiting, stiff joints, and hair loss at the infection site. Blood cultures are generally very low yield (positive in 2 weeks), have poor venous access or require antibiotics that cause localised irritation if extravasated.
In other circumstances, cellulitis occurs where there has been no skin break at all, such as with chronic leg swelling (edema). Print.