[ Diabetes Type 2 ]

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 activation enhances gut glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion and improves glucose homeostasis.


Painful neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes. As calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-expressing primary sensory fibers innervate the islets, and a major proportion of the CGRP-containing primary sensory neurons is sensitive to capsaicin, the islet-innervating sensory fibers may represent the capsaicin-sensitive inhibitory component. Interestingly, the heat and pain you experience when you eat chili pepper seeds is designed to make you not want to eat them (hence protecting the plants’ ability to spread seeds and survive). To our knowledge, many studies have reported different effects of capsaicin on glucose metabolism, implying that several factors may be responsible for or may interact with capsaicin at a molecular level, receptor level, or both. Without the capsaicin blood glucose lowering benefits of the habanero peppers and dried chili peppers, I am still at what is considered an acceptable level ‘for a diabetic’ but as you can see from daily charts of fasting blood glucose levels with capsaicin, on day to day variability I am not always deep in this ‘safe zone’ – whereas for the capsaisin diabetes days I am virtually never even close to the threshold of being outside the norm. Following 1,3, and 6 weeks of treatment, pain was reduced by 21%, 40%, and 50%, respectively, in patients with PDN, and by 24%, 39%, and 51%, respectively, in patients with PHN. The ligature placed around the mandibular left first molar caused a significant increase vascular permeability of GM tissue on the ipsilateral side on both d 7 and 14 after the ligation in control rats.

This relieves the nerve pain. They also injected a neuropeptide called Substance P, which helped, too. In db/db mice, TRPV1 activation by dietary capsaicin ameliorated abnormal glucose homeostasis and increased GLP-1 levels in the plasma and ileum. On the 14th day, hippocampal and DRG neuron samples were freshly taken from all animals.

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