[ Diabetes Solutions ]

THUNDERBIRD FOOTCARE | Glendale, Arizona Podiatrist | Kathleen M. Stone, DPM

Pigmented lesions should always be inspected and observed. Most pigmented areas are nothing but freckles and moles. However a potentially deadly pigmented lesion that can occur on the foot and lower extremity is Malignant Melanoma. These include fungal and bacterial infections. Blood carrying deoxygenated blood returns to the heart via the veins where it is quickly routed to the lungs to be replenished with oxygen. So I am so confused as I looked up everything and nothing looks like this at all, and if it was an allergic reaction well, I switched back to not using bleach on my socks again and nothing…. Less often, the number of circulating platelets is normal, but they are defective and function improperly.

Also, when you are taking any medication, the use of SPF 15 or higher sunscreen becomes even more important. With Type 1, the body fails to produce the insulin necessary to convert sugar and starches to energy, while Type 2 diabetics don’t properly use the insulin the body produces. In the more chronic stages, venous insufficiency often declares itself by leaving little brown spots and dots like freckles all over the front of the legs. In this guide, learn the causes, how to get rid of dark sports on legs and how to remove brown spots on your feet. Usually a fungal infection is suspected and antifungal treatment may be administered for months before the true nature of the lesion is discovered. However, obese patients rarely manifest facial wrinkles and weakening of the skin or skin laxity due to increased subcutaneous fat. Thank you so much for this post.

Another cancer causing lesion that can occur on the feet are called Actinic Keratosis. Lichen planus – A skin condition, Lichen planus appears as shiny, flat-topped bumps that often have an angular shape. They are characterized as either flat or elevated with a scaly surface. They can either be reddish or skin colored. On the foot they are frequently mistaken for plantars warts. These lesions are the precursor of epidermoid carcinoma. Treatment for these lesions should be through as they are definitely precancerious.

Treatment consists of freezing the lesions with liquid nitrogen or sharp excision. Yet another cancerous lesion that can occur on the foot is called Kaposi’s Sarcoma. These lesions occur most commonly on the soles of the feet They are irregular in shape and have a purplish, reddish or bluish black appearance. They tend to spread and form large plaques or become nodular. Antibodies are white blood cell proteins that normally sequester and immobilize foreign tissue such as viruses or bacteria. The appearance of these lesions is an ominous sign. In the late 1970’s and early 1980’s an outbreak of Kaposi’s sarcoma occurred in San Francisco, California.

It was later learned that the disease was associated with AIDS infection. It can occur without the concurrent AIDS infection but this is very rare. Generalized increased pigmentation occurs for a variety of other reasons. Dark patches of skin occur about the ankles and lower legs in persons who suffer from Venous Stasis. Venous stasis is caused by an accumulation of fluid in the lower extremities. This is due to poor venous return of blood to the heart. Venous blood flow back to the heart occurs by way of the veins in the feet and legs.

Venous stasis is associated with varicose veins that do a poor job of returning blood to the heart. As a result the blood flow is slowed, becomes stagnant, and fluid accumulates in the ankles and lower legs. As the fluid accumulates in the lower legs, the small and medium-sized veins break or leak fluid into the tissues. As blood cells break up in the tissue, they deposit the iron that is part of hemoglobin in the blood cell. The iron stains the skin causing a light to dark brownish appearance. With time, the skin and subcutaneous fat becomes thinned and will break down creating weeping venous stasis ulcerations. Creams may be helpful to improve the appearance but the best treatment is to lose weight.

This condition requires professional attention by a physician. Another cause of generalized increased pigmentation is diabetes. The condition termed Diabetic Dermopathy occurs most frequently on the shins and lower legs. They may have the appearance of small scars. Sweet potatoes are packed with nutrients and disease-fighting fiber, with almost 40% of the soluble type that lowers cholesterol and slows digestion. Two weeks after the second reduction in dose his legs had returned to completely normal. Small, spider-like areas of increased pigmentation on the ankles are caused by the break down of small veins in the area and are called Spider Veins; they also pose no health risks.

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