The pressure inside the eyeball (the intraocular pressure) is naturally maintained by a continuous flow of liquid called aqueous humour through the eyeball. This can be due to autoimmune damage to the pancreas (Type 1 diabetes), or due to decreased effects of insulin (a natural hormone in the body that regulates blood sugar concentrations) due to poor diet, such as in the much more common Type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. During a diabetic eye exam, our on-staff optometrists, Dr. Because of this, many regard the retina as an extension of brain tissue. The Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy Non-proliferative stage: The non-proliferative stage is also known as background diabetic retinopathy. Instead, it sees the light that objects reflect.
Blood sugar and blood pressure control are the most important factors in preventing diabetic damage to the eye. Diabetic retinopathy begins when the walls of small blood vessels in the retina weaken. Preventive Services Task Force recommends vision screening for all children aged 3 to 5 years to find conditions such as amblyopia, or lazy eye, which can be treated effectively if caught early. When blood glucose builds up, the blood vessels inside the retina may be damaged – this is called diabetic retinopathy. Another 8.1 million people, nearly 28 percent of the population, are estimated by the CDC to be undiagnosed diabetics. This is to minimise the amount of travoprost that may be absorbed into the bloodstream