A cross-sectional population study was performed in a cohort of 890 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients residing in the greater Denver metropolitan region. A specially designed data programme was used to identify patients with diabetes and to capture predefined data from the EMR from the years 2003–2005. We therefore planned this study to evaluate the glycohemoglobin levels with severity of periodontitis in non-diabetic population. There is no clear explanation for the increased risk in South-Asian migrants, who originally descend from the Indian subcontinent. No such distinctions were seen in 58 maturity onset patients with and without microalbuminuria who were not receiving insulin. A total of 5,874 patients came from 61 pediatric centers (52% male, age [mean +/- SD] 12.2 +/- 4.3 years, diabetes duration 4.6 +/- 4.4 years). Markedly elevated risks were observed in both men and women (standardized hospitalization ratios = 7.6 [95% CI 5.9-9.6] and 9.8 [7.3-12.9], respectively), increasing with follow-up time.
In the older-onset group, LEA was more likely for men (2.66 [1.49, 4.76]) and if the subject had higher glycosylated hemoglobin (OR for 1% 1.25 [1.09-1.43]), higher pulse pressure (OR for 10 mmHg 1.19 [1.04-1.37]), history of ulcers (3.56 [1.84-6.89]), and more severe retinopathy (OR for one step 1.07 [1.00-1.13]). A Katz Root Caries Index (for which lesions are calculated as a percentage of the numbers of exposed root surfaces) was determined