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Oral colonisation and infection by Candida sp. in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic kidney

A large proportion of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in diabetes is due to non-albicans Candida species such as C. Presence of denture in the oral cavity of diabetic patients can promote Candida colonization and results in the higher incidence of oral and systemic candidiasis. This research aimed to investigate the prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in diabetic versus non-diabetic women and compare the ability of identified Candida isolates to secrete phospholipases and aspartyl proteinases with characterization of their genetic profile. Among the associated conditions insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes) has been rarely reported in different series of patients and occurring more frequently in Finnish APECED patients. Patients with vaginal discharge in whom Candida growth was not detected on fungal culture were excluded. Diabetes Care 2007; 30: 312-317. Both had the antibodies for years without diabetes.

Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated species, but diabetics had a variety of other candidal species present. This has been described secondary to Aspergillus in diabetic patients. albicans (26%) and C. albicans 74.6%, C. Intention-to-treat (ITT; n = 111) and per-protocol (PP; n = 99) analyses were performed. tropicalis 15.2%, C. In conclusion, it is noticed that the incidence of C.

kefyr 3.4% and C. famata 1.7% without difference between groups. Species-specific prevalence of vaginal candidiasis among patients with diabetes mellitus and its relation to their glycaemic status. 16.9% of patients had OC, 23.2% DM compared with 12.5% non-DM, (p=.101). The following were associated with the presence of Candida in the OM: the use of dental prostheses (odds ratio [OR] 25.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5 to 253, P=.001), xerostomia (OR 9.6, 95% CI 2.4 to 38.1, P=.001) and low serum albumin values (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.98, P=.044).

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