However, many stillbirths are linked to placental complications. No one in my family had ever been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, and my parents could not have foreseen that their little girl would end up comatose in an emergency room with blood glucose levels 10 times the normal level. Most of the babies in the study were breastfed. Study to test 1,400 pregnant women Principal investigator Professor Jenny Couper said the money would allow researchers to test 1,400 pregnant women who have type 1 diabetes, have a partner with type 1 diabetes or who have already had a child develop the disease. The authors conclude that higher intensity of lactation was associated with improved fasting glucose and lower insulin levels at 6–9 weeks’ postpartum and argue that lactation may have favourable effects on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity that may reduce diabetes risk after GDM pregnancy. Women are screened for the condition through a blood glucose test at around 8-12 weeks into pregnancy. Your baby’s blood glucose should be tested (using a special hospital blood test) between 2 and 4 hours after birth, to make sure it is not too low.
If a mother is aware of this possibility during pregnancy, she may choose to express her colostrum antenatally. In this way, healthy, well-grown babies keep their blood glucose levels normal for the first few days of life and until they are feeding well. There may be a preconception diabetes clinic in your area where you can get help too. Neonatal hypoglycemia is defined as low blood sugars in the baby after birth. The newborns also had fewer cases of shoulder dystocia (1.5 percent with treatment vs. Breastfeeding to age 6 months was encouraged, but infants were to get the formula for at least the 2 months after weaning. Dr Hillier hypothesizes that what is underlying the association is that the baby is being “overfed,” whether from excessive maternal weight gain or high maternal glucose due to gestational diabetes.
She said: “We think it’s adapting to that overfed environment metabolically, after birth as well, so its metabolism is somehow switched to be more easily adaptable to put on weight, if you will. That’s where TrialNet, an international network of researchers who are exploring ways to prevent, delay and reverse the progression of Type 1 diabetes, comes in. This work is supported by a research award from the American Diabetes Association, and grant award from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, both to Dr Hillier. The authors declare that they have no relevant financial relationships.