[ Diabetes Type 2 ]

November is Diabetes and Diabetic Eye Disease Month

For some individuals, diabetes mellitus can cause loss of vision and even blindness. You can’t see it—until it’s too late. Marcia is just one of almost 1.1 million Australians diagnosed with diabetes. Have a comprehensive dilated eye exam. If a patient has good acuity, 20/30 or better, then he or she should have good contrast sensitivity. The study evaluated three intensive strategies compared with standard treatments for lowering cardiovascular risks associated with diabetes. This is addressed by providing relevant information on how to prevent, diagnose, and treat diabetic eye disease.


Digital retinal screening may not be appropriate for an individual with terminal illness or a bed bound patient with significant physical or mental disability. It is extremely important for anyone with diabetes to have a comprehensive eye examination yearly to determine whether there are early signs of diabetic eye disease. If diabetic retinopathy is discovered, a fluorescein dye test and/or optical coherence tomogram (OCT) may be recommended. The participants were randomized to either get traditional laser treatment or the Lucentis injections. There was 1 (2.2%) patient with developed rubeosis iridis and simplex glaucoma. The retina is like the film in a camera, the part of the eye that takes the picture that lets your brain know what you are seeing. Patients who suffer from diabetes have a risk of developing DME over time.

The natural lens is taken out and replaced with an artificial lens. With diabetes, the high blood sugar damages the wall of the blood vessels, like poking holes in a garden hose, so that the blood vessels can start leaking blood, fluid and cholesterol into the retina. After some time, the retina is not able to absorb the oxygen it needs (or the end of the garden hose isn’t getting any water) and produces a hormone to make new blood vessels to feed itself nutrients and oxygen. Additionally, people with diabetes should have annual comprehensive dilated eye exams to help protect their sight. It is important to see your eye physician for regular appointments, especially if you have diabetes, to diagnose your level of diabetic retinopathy and set up for appropriate treatment if necessary. Being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing diabetes and other systemic conditions, which can lead to vision loss, such as diabetic eye disease or glaucoma. These results suggests that contrast sensitivity may have a possible role in evaluating the treatment control of diabetic patients.

However, over about three-and-a-half years of follow up, participants in the intensive blood sugar group had a 22 percent higher risk of death (5.0 percent versus 4.0 percent) and a three times higher risk of seriously low blood sugar (10.5 percent versus 3.5 percent) compared with participants in the standard blood sugar control group. This encompasses your risks as well to other health complications brought about by having diabetes. Individuals with STDR should be encouraged to attend the appointment offered by the Hospital Eye Service. If your level of retinopathy or macular edema needs treatment, your eye physician can discuss the appropriate treatment for you. Treatment modalities include laser retina surgery, injections of medications into the eye and retina surgery if you need it. Treatments are effective and can restore your sight depending on your level of retinopathy.

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