Being diagnosed with a chronic condition like diabetes not only leads to doctor appointments and lifestyle changes, but also the necessity of learning more about the condition. The stepwise screening programs had low yield, but for each person with diabetes identified, another two at high risk of diabetes and six at high risk of cardiovascular disease were identified. Forty-six diabetic patients of both sexes with systolic blood pressure < 130 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure < 85 mm Hg were subjected to high resolution B-mode ultrasonography of the common and internal carotid arteries. Baseline and 6-month biochemical tests, automated blood count, cell-volume analysis, and their cardiovascular risk factors were recorded. MOPP was derived by the formula: MOPP = 2/3;[DBP + 1/3;(SBP - DBP)] - IOP. Mean age and median follow-up for non-diabetic and diabetic individuals, respectively, were 61 and 66 years, and 8.8 and 8.6 years. The blood glucose levels and HbA1c levels were also measured. 9.15+/-0.86 fl (P=.00), 260.38+/-68.65 x 10(9)/l vs. ACE also stands for angiotensinconverting enzyme, a class of medication used to treat high blood pressure that can have additional benefits by decreasing protein in the urine, a marker of diabetes involving kidney function. Individuals identified should be offered lifestyle interventions and preventive drug treatments appropriate to their level of risk. Patients were excluded if they had any previous history of ischemic stroke, hypertension, familial hyperlipidmia, history of angina, myocardial infarction, angioplasty, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation coronary bypass, carotid or peripheral vascular surgery, or renal insufficiency.