[ Nutrition ]

Jerusalem artichokes – Helianthus tuberosus

Other ‘Artichokes’ include Stachys affinis (Chinese Artichoke) Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem Artichoke), the latter of which is also a food product but is a tuber (resembling a Yucca, or a Potatoe covered in tree bark). The fiber in artichokes, along with the phytochemicals luteolin and cynarin, is thought to help lower cholesterol levels. Never had one before? At that time, the artichokes were available only for rich people because they were rare. We assessed fasting and postprandial levels of glucose. Ray primarily uses the root of this plant as a food, just like the common orange carrot (Daucus carota ssp. For people with the first type of diabetes, which are considered insulin-dependent, the use of artichoke is effective in reducing blood sugar levels.

One of the main functions of the Liver in Chinese medicine is to “free course” the Qi. My feeling about the cholesterol-lowering effect is that the few studies that have shown any improvements in response to artichoke leaf extract, while promising, have been very small. There are many additional effective polyphenol-type antioxidants present in artichokes. Every 100-milligrams-per-day decrease in magnesium intake was linked with a 24% increase in the occurrence of pancreatic cancer. Stir in mozzarella and set aside. Spray 1-quart baking dish with nonstick spray. These two compounds, found in highest concentration in the artichoke leaves, significantly reduced the bad cholesterol levels in the body.

Leaves are 4 to 10 inches long and almost heart-shaped with a broad oval base and pointed tip. The thick leaves have 3 distinct main veins, coarsely-toothed margins, and attach to the stem by way of a winged stalk (petiole). A high-fiber diet can normalize bowel movements, preventing some cancers. The second pathway is to increase the production of bile which in turn eliminated more cholesterol from the body. Jerusalem artichokes can be eaten both raw and cooked. Seeds are smooth, wedge-shaped, and gray or brown with black mottling. Jerusalem artichoke is cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber that is used as a root vegetable.

[25] found that 80% ethanol extracts (500 mg/kg body weight) did not improve blood glucose levels after glucose load, perhaps due to higher contents of free fructose resulting from improper storage conditions [28, 29]. It is normally pale brown to white, red and purple in color while the inner flesh in white in color. It has nutty flavor which is similar to artichoke and has sweet nutty taste. When there is extra glucose in blood, one way the body gets rid of it is through frequent urination. You also need to eat enough calories while taking artichoke extract. Jerusalem artichoke is an ancient Amerindian indigenous to eastern North America from Maine west to Dakota and southwards to northern Florida and Texas. Jerusalem artichoke is native to North America and may have originated in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys.

You shouldn’t add any condiments to your cooking water, this way you can drink it as tea as soon as the artichokes are ready. These should be done VERY slowly. Its current range in North America extends from the East Coast to the Midwest and from southern Canada to Georgia. This native plant dwells in roadsides, riverbanks, fencerows, and agronomic fields, selecting rich, moist soils. Lastly, if you’ve got a problem with constipation, foods rich in inulin have a good track record for helping to get things moving in colon-ville. Apart from their nutty taste Jerusalem artichoke is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Instead, choose foods that are not only low in added sugars, saturated fats, and trans fats, but also rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

*Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. 9g of carbs. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. Soluble fiber present in Jerusalem artichoke helps to lower blood cholesterol level by lowering low density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol levels.

Cut into 1/4″ slices. Raw Jerusalem artichoke consists of 2.4 g of Fiber which is 6.32% of the daily recommended value. Jerusalem artichoke consists of considerable amount of potassium and minimal amount of sodium, which is helpful in lowering blood pressure. One cup of raw tuber contains 644 mg of potassium and only 6 milligrams of sodium. Preventing pressure, or understanding the best way to deal with pressure in a healthier way, assists the human brain and nervous-system to function with additional areas of the human body to execute the jobs needed to prolong existence. Antioxidant vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E are available in Jerusalem artichoke in minimal amounts. All these vitamins along with flavonoid compounds like carotenes helps seek and remove free radicals, providing the body protection from cancers, viral cough, inflammation and common cold.

Poor circulation in hands/feet may also be cause for avoidance if one has reduced ability to sense high heat. Iron which is sufficiently found in Jerusalem artichoke is an essential element for better muscle health. Iron is present in the muscle tissue and helps to provide the supply of oxygen which is needed for contraction of muscles. Without sufficient iron muscle will lose its tone and elasticity which leads to muscle weakness and muscle weakness is one of the major indication of anemia. All of our ingredients are Certified Organic, Kosher, or Responsibly Wildcrafted. Our heart is one of the main muscles that rely on these crucial signals. So as to maintain proper cardiac function and healthy heart beat rhythms, the nerves and muscles must be able to use bodily energy to keep signaling to each other.

Copper is a powerful antioxidant which is present in Jerusalem artichoke which works in presence of antioxidant superoxide dismutase to safeguard the cell membranes from free radicals. It is one of the powerful antioxidant which helps to fight against free radicals. Free radicals may attack several organs systems but are particularly studied in terms of their effects on aging like age spots, wrinkles, macular degeneration as well as kidney malfunctions. Therefore sufficient amount of Copper is required for looking younger for longer time. Raw Jerusalem artichoke consists of 0.21 mg of copper which is 23.33% of the daily recommended value. Jerusalem artichoke consists of huge amount of phosphorus which is bone and teeth health. Phosphorus along with calcium and vitamin D plays an important role in formation and maintenance of dental health by supporting tooth enamel, jaw bone mineral density.

Apart from that these vitamins and minerals also help to heal tooth decay. Basically children need foods that are high in phosphorus and calcium while they are developing adult teeth in order to form teeth’s hard structure. Vitamin D is required along with phosphorus to control the body’s balance of calcium and improve its absorption during tooth formation. Vitamin D can also help to decrease inflammation of gums which is related with periodontal gum disease. It is used as a vegetable that could be baked, mashed, steamed or made into soups, pickles and sauces or eaten raw in salads. They are good grated into fresh salads and are a perfect snack for dieters. Boiled and mashed, they are somewhat similar to potatoes and can be used like potatoes in most recipes and can be used in a delicious and nourishing soup.

Jerusalem artichokes can also make delicious French fries. They are outstanding when pickled. Jerusalem artichokes can be roasted like potatoes with fowl or meat or bake with cream and cheese for a delicious scalloped/au gratin. Roasted tubers are used as a coffee substitute. Tubers can also be used for the production of alcohol and fructans. Tubers being rich in inulin are an important source of fructose for industry. They are used to make sweetening and inulin-rich floury products.

Jerusalem artichoke bread prepared from tuber powder displayed a high quality in organoleptic evaluation. In France the artichokes have been used for wine and beer production for many years. Jerusalem artichoke is stated to be aphrodisiac, cholagogue, aperient, diuretic, spermatogenic, stomachic and tonic. It has been reported to be used as a folk remedy for rheumatism and diabetes. Leaves of H. tuberosus showed antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and were used as folk medicine in China for the treatment of skin wounds, bone fracture, swelling and pain. Tubers are used as folk remedy for the treatment of diabetes in Turkey.

The Jerusalem artichokes may cause the allergic reactions to persons who are reactive to the family of Composite. Sun chokes may perhaps produce gall stones that may be deteriorated by the elevated bile flow.

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