Current projections suggest that India will have the largest cardiovascular disease burden in the world. Obesity being one of the leading causes for diabetes; it becomes crucial for us to take that extra step to living a healthy life . Clinical trials from India constituted only 2.7% of the total number of trials carried out, compared to US constituting 47% of the total number of trials registered, followed by 18% from EU and 11% from Japan. Hypertension is one of the most common lifestyle diseases today, with every third person we meet, having suffered from it. Trial registration involves public declaration and identification of trial investigators, sponsors, interventions, patient population etc before the enrollment of the first patient. The procedure got an unexpected public relations boost recently when Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had the surgery to control his diabetes. About 61.2% were males, 88.6% were between 40 and 80 years of age, almost two-thirds of the patients were from the west and south zones, and over half had diabetes more than 5 years.
Diabetes is not only a blood sugar problem, but brings along other complications as well,” warns Dr Arun Bal, diabetic foot surgeon. We estimate that, in 2011, Maharashtra will have 6 million individuals with diabetes and 9.2 million with prediabetes, Tamilnadu will have 4.8 million with diabetes and 3.9 million with prediabetes, Jharkhand will have 0.96 million with diabetes and 1.5 million with prediabetes, and Chandigarh will have 0.12 million with diabetes and 0.13 million with prediabetes. ‘Five years ago, we hardly saw young patients with heart problems. The incidence rate for type 1 diabetes in India was frequently used in extrapolation for other countries in the region and therefore plays a pivotal role in the estimates. Bangladesh has the second highest number of diabetics after India but the number stands at just 5.5 million.