[ Nutrition ]

Fight childhood obesity to help prevent diabetes, say WHO & IDF

“The problem with sugar isn’t just weight gain … Managing this crisis is a medical and social priority; childhood obesity is a visible precursor of the chronic, debilitating and pre-morbid disease that is adult obesity. While the plummeting obesity headlines were pretty clearly a case of spinning a statistical fluke to serve a gratifying narrative, the increase in childhood diabetes appears to be real. The study, published Thursday in The New England Journal of Medicine, analyzed data gathered from Pima and Tohono O’odham Indians, whose rates of obesity and Type 2 diabetes soared decades before weight problems became widespread among other Americans. While the long-term health effects of these two environmental toxic chemicals on humans is still currently under review by researchers in the U.S., two recent studies published in the same issue of the journal Pediatrics, suggest that exposure to DEHP and BPA could potentially increase your child’s risk for serious diseases including obesity and type 2 diabetes. The evidence reviewed demonstrates that current T2DM and prediabetes diagnostic parameters are derived from adult-based studies with little understanding of clinical outcomes among youth. Analyses with adjustment for maternal BMI and other potential confounders yielded an odds ratio of 1.81 (95% CI 1.23-2.65) and 2.80 (95% CI 1.58-4.99) for the impact of gestational diabetes on childhood overweight and obesity, respectively.

Psychologically, children and adolescents who are obese or overweight are targets of early and systematic social discrimination, leading to low self-esteem, which can hinder academic and social growth and functioning. The work group developed consensus statements for use in the evaluation and treatment of lipids, liver enzymes, and blood pressure abnormalities and PCOS in the child with overweight and obesity. Among all 524 offspring, there was no significant increase in the rate of offspring obesity according to the quartile of maternal screening glucose, triglyceride, oral glucose tolerance test, or cord serum insulin level. Health advocates are succeeding at what they set out to do. In a statement, financial secretary Jane Ellison said: “Obesity is a threat both to the health of children and to our economy, costing the NHS (National Health Service) billions of pounds every year. The strategy addresses changes needed in lifestyles that have been linked to the increase in overweight and obese children over the last twenty years. If you want your kids to be happy, healthy and successful in life, nourish them well.

The American Heart Association recommends kids and teens participate in at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day. Measuring Growth in Children You may have heard your pediatrician refer to your child’s weight in terms of a percentile. The presence of the mRNA of these two adipokines in PBMNCs of healthy children supports the finding that their actions begin already in childhood, but the exact mechanisms linking them are not known. In Singapore, nutrition education in class, combined with a school environment offering healthy foods and drinks, and special attention for students who were already overweight or obese, resulted in a significant decline in the number of obese students. In the UK, limiting access to sweet, fizzy drinks at a group of primary schools resulted in slimmer children. In recent decades, subsidized school meals had tilted toward processed foods high in fat, sugar, and sodium. Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities.

People who have type 1 diabetes produce very little or no insulin and require daily injections of insulin to survive. People with type 2 diabetes cannot use insulin effectively. But that’s not to say that in the meantime we should sit back and do nothing. Type 2 diabetes used to be known as non-insulin dependent diabetes or mature onset diabetes. Take the Dulles Access Road for approximately 13 miles to Exit 18. Their joint project, Diabetes Action Now, is supported by a World Diabetes Foundation grant to IDF and by WHO funds.

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