[ Diabetes Type 2 ]

“Diabetes Self-Management Education for African Americans: Using the PEN-3 Model to Assess Needs” by Purcell,

African Americans constitute 32 percent of patients in the United States receiving dialysis for kidney failure, although they are only 11 percent of the population. Methods: Between December 1996 and June 1999, 183 screening events took place in community settings. For African Americans, health and illness are a dynamic entity, governed by body, mind, and soul. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have, especially if you’re sensitive to nitrates, such as nitroglycerin tablets or isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil®). We should be careful, because once contracted, the effects cannot be reversed. Conclusion: These findings suggest that community-based screenings for diabetes that are targeted to adults aged more than 50 years who have high blood pressure or a BMI of at least 25 may enhance detection of abnormal glucose levels among African Americans. Currently, 80 percent of African-American women and their families are reported as overweight or obese, but over the long term, behavior changes can reduce obesity and Type 2 diabetes among this population.

AIMHI will reach out to the African American community across the metropolitan Detroit area in order to screen for prevalent chronic diseases. “The peer educators encouraged participants to cook greens without added salt pork or ham hocks and substitute lean cuts of meat in place of traditional high-fat meats such as pigs feet and sausage,” Williams says. Wisconsin’s African American population is relatively young, with a median age of 28.4 years in 2008, compared to 38.2 years for the total state population (source: U.S. It is estimated that another 79 million Americans have prediabetes, which means almost one-third of the total U.S. The cultural specifics featured in the materials range from the inclusion of photos of African Americans to the acknowledgment that eating soul food is part of many black family traditions. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Diabetes and high blood pressure are two of the leading causes of kidney disease, but the news is not all grim.

1994;139:964]. Program initiatives like REACH need to be used in many more communities. (5,6) Rural African Americans reported encountering many personal obstacles, such as the high cost of medicines and supplies, managing other chronic conditions, the daily experience of living with diabetes, stress, and sleeping problems associated with blood glucose fluctuations. (7,8) These problems underscore the myriad of complex challenges associated with self-care that can potentially lead to poor outcomes. Further, the dearth of culturally sensitive health care services is a salient issue for African Americans.

Tags: , ,