Cells can only absorb glucose from the blood in the presence of the hormone insulin. We are about to take our first holiday away since she has been diagnosed! Some cats even go into remission and no longer require insulin injections.WHAT IS IT? Glucose is absorbed from the gut into the blood where it is transported around the body. By this time, the management of the disease is difficult, costly, and often associated with life threatening complications. The thyroid glands are located on either side of the trachea close to the larynx. Pancreatic amyloid is derived form the recently discovered pancreatic hormone amylin.
When an animal goes without food, the body must break down fat, stored starches, and protein to supply calories for the hungry cells. It aggregates in fibrils and concentrates within the β cells of the pancreas. The high level of sugar in the urine can cause intermittent or on-going urine infections. The various water bowls we leave round the house for the cats were also emptying as fast as I could fill them! Some cats may develop a plantigrade stance, causing him to stand and walk with his hocks touching or almost touching the ground.DIAGNOSIS For veterinarians to diagnose diabetes in cats, they typically have to take a couple of tests, including a urinary analysis and blood glucose concentration test. Both cats and dogs can suffer from Type 1 diabetes. Your cat must be in “remission”, meaning, your cat was treated with insulin previously but has not needed insulin in the last 4 weeks and has been free of clinical signs of diabetes for the last 4 weeks (at least) and has a normal serum fructosamine concentrations.
It is important to note that hyperthyroidism affects the fructosamine test, very useful in the diagnosis of diabetes. Amylin antagonists recently have been proposed as a novel treatment to reverse the deleterious effects of excessive amylin concentrations. Protein, starch, and fat break-down occur as they do in starvation. If diabetes persists after a period or 4 to 6 weeks, a remission is no longer possible. Insulin is given at least once daily by injection and this is something that most owners can learn to do for their pet at home. So I said yes and we embarked on a course of daily trips to the vet to learn how to give injections. This doesn’t mean that the cat is cured of diabetes—you will still need to closely monitor and manage his diet and lifestyle.
A consistently raised blood glucose concentration could indicate that your cat’s pancreas is not secreting sufficient insulin, or, your cat’s body is behaving as if it is “resistant” to the insulin being produced. Home monitoring: as the response of the cat to the treatment changes over time, your vet will ask you to monitor regularly your cat’s glycemia, weight, feeding behavior and symptoms.