[ Diabetes Type 2 ]

Diabetes Glossary: A

Exploring DPP-4 CV safety in SAVOR-TIMI 53 and EXAMINE, CV outcomes in Look AHEAD, relationship between gastric bypass and A1C and cardiometabolic risk factors, metabolic effects of bariatric surgery and medical therapy in STAMPEDE, statin use and diabetes risk, severe hypoglycemia and CVD disease risk. It occurs in various forms, such as bacterial arthritis, osteoarthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis. People with diabetes should be especially careful to keep their blood glucose level under control to avoid Alzheimer’s. Glucose is carried through the bloodstream to provide energy to all of the body’s living cells. This form of diabetes usually appears in childhood but can occur at any age. See photocoagulation. People with prediabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and also are at increased risk of developing heart disease.

These hormones also have a contra-insulin effect. Have them compare definitions when several students have selected the same word. A blood glucose meter (or blood glucose test strips that change color when touched by a blood sample) is needed for frequent blood glucose monitoring. Also may be referred to as multiple injections. No matter how frail, everyone can exercise, even if it’s while sitting in a chair. Hemoglobin A1C test: A blood test that measures your average blood sugar for the previous three months. Diabetes is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation.

This is a drink that is made entirely (100%) from the liquid which comes from squeezing or grinding up the part of the fruit we would normally eat. When blood flow is interrupted, brain cells die or are damaged, resulting in a stroke. A basic unit of fats. A person can exchange, trade, or substitute a food serving in one group for another food serving in the same group. This causes the blood sugar level to rise, causing the pancreas to produce more insulin. See also: Macrovascular disease. One agent that opposes or fights the action of another.

In analog insulin certain amino acids substitute for the ones found naturally on an insulin molecule. People with IFG are at increased risk of developing diabetes. A medical test that is performed to diagnose diabetes. Your doctor may use odd-looking instruments, aim bright lights directly at your eyes and request that you look through a seemingly endless array of lenses. A substance that helps a person with diabetes control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood so that the body works as it should. See also: Insulin; oral hypoglycemic agents. Neuropathy can be brought on by diabetes.

Once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. To fight them, the body produces antibodies, which attack and try to eliminate the antigens. Smoking is unhealthy for anyone, but diabetics who do it are begging for trouble. The mortality rank for the level of education or income selected on the slider is based on the (age-adjusted) death rate which is derived using a statistical procedure (generalized linear regression). Am J Physiol. See also: Atherosclerosis. A large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to other parts of the body.

It is a protein, and all proteins undergo a chemical reaction with glucose to form an end product that is called “glycated, or glycosylated.” The amount of glycohemoglobin formed depends on the concentration of glucose in the blood. See also: Blood vessels. A large machine used in hospitals that constantly measures glucose (sugar) in the blood and, in response, releases the right amount of insulin. Scientists are also working to develop a small unit that could be implanted in the body, functioning like a real pancreas. One of many diseases in which fat builds up in the large- and medium-sized arteries. This buildup of fat may slow down or stop blood flow. This disease can happen to people who have had diabetes for a long time.

Disorder of the body’s immune system in which the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys body tissue that it believes to be foreign. Hyperglycemic Blood Sugar levels that are dangerously high. A disease of the nerves affecting mostly the internal organs such as the bladder muscles, the cardiovascular system, the digestive tract, and the genital organs. It is found to increase the risk of heart diseases because it raises the LDL (bad) cholesterol and lowers the HDL (good) cholesterol. Also called visceral neuropathy. See also: Neuropathy.

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