[ Diabetes Solutions ]

Commentary: Protect your eyes from diabetes

The pressure inside the eyeball (the intraocular pressure) is naturally maintained by a continuous flow of liquid called aqueous humour through the eyeball. This can be due to autoimmune damage to the pancreas (Type 1 diabetes), or due to decreased effects of insulin (a natural hormone in the body that regulates blood sugar concentrations) due to poor diet, such as in the much more common Type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. During a diabetic eye exam, our on-staff optometrists, Dr. Because of this, many regard the retina as an extension of brain tissue. The Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy Non-proliferative stage: The non-proliferative stage is also known as background diabetic retinopathy. Instead, it sees the light that objects reflect.

Blood sugar and blood pressure control are the most important factors in preventing diabetic damage to the eye. Diabetic retinopathy begins when the walls of small blood vessels in the retina weaken. Preventive Services Task Force recommends vision screening for all children aged 3 to 5 years to find conditions such as amblyopia, or lazy eye, which can be treated effectively if caught early. When blood glucose builds up, the blood vessels inside the retina may be damaged – this is called diabetic retinopathy. Another 8.1 million people, nearly 28 percent of the population, are estimated by the CDC to be undiagnosed diabetics. This is to minimise the amount of travoprost that may be absorbed into the bloodstream, which will increase the local effect in the eye and minimise any adverse effects elsewhere in the body. Disrupting normal blood flow to these cells can cause permanent blindness.

Because it has no symptoms, glaucoma often is not identified until it is advanced and the vision loss is irreparable. • Sixty percent more likely to have cataracts. The doctor can easily recognize these areas of degenerated retina. Your retina’s condition is initially tested using an opthalmoscope; if any issues are detected, then a fluorescian angiography may be performed to confirm the presence of this disease. In fact, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in people under the age of 65. This micro device is implanted in the eye as part of cataract surgery and bypasses blockages to relieve pressure. Treatments can help to prevent vision loss, or slow its progression.

• At extremely high risk of developing a series of related conditions under an umbrella called “Diabetic retinopathy.” These conditions are caused by high sugar or glucose levels damaging blood vessels in the eye and potentially spurring the formation of micro-aneurysms. This surgical treatment removes scar tissue, blood, and cloudy fluid from inside the eye. In the mild-to-moderate stages, swelling (called micro-aneurysms) occurs in the retina’s tiny blood vessels. You may find it helpful to write the date of first opening on the bottle. However, these new blood vessels also have a strong tendency to rupture and bleed, causing further damage to the retina. In the severe, non-proliferative stage, more blockages occur, depriving the retina of its blood supply. And in the advanced “proliferative” stage, new, weaker blood vessels can form, eventually leading to bleeding, scarring, retinal detachment and permanent vision loss.

The lens inside our eyes provides the ability for us to focus throughout our youth and into our adulthood. This is a buildup of fluid in the region of the retina that is responsible for clear, forward vision. The macula is critical for reading, recognizing faces and driving. According to the National Institutes of Health, about half of all diabetics with diabetic retinopathy will develop DME, the most common cause of vision loss among diabetic patients. Regular eye exams are important for all of us, but they are critical for patients at risk of, or already diagnosed with, diabetes. No treatment or medical advance can regain vision once it is lost. Glaucoma may cause bright halos or colored rings around lights, but usually has no symptoms.

According to a CDC survey of more than 11,000 people in 21 states, the primary reason is lack of insurance. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy. This can reduce risk of losing vision by as much as 95%. An annual eye exam that includes dilation by an eye doctor can detect early signs of these conditions and be a critical first-step in developing a treatment plan that preserves and protects vision.

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