The report in the American Chemical Society’s Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry supposes that drinking tea may be a simple and inexpensive means of preventing diabetes and the complications that may ensue, including cataracts. Our bodies need insulin to break down carbohydrates into glucose. She said: ‘Our research looked at the benefits of eating certain sub-groups of flavanoids. Momordicine, Lectin, and Charatin are present in the Bitter Melon. Nine cohort studies were identified by two authors, and summary relative risks (RRs) were calculated using a random-effects model. EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate), one of the most powerful naturally occurring antioxidants, which has been scientifically linked to the traditional benefits and, continues to be the subject of some of the most exciting anti-aging research relating to the heart, brain and other vital organs. Green tea suppressed waist-hip ratio of women from a significant increase and suppressed mean arterial pressure of men and women from a significant decrease after week 14.
Dr Victoria King, research manager at the charity Diabetes UK, said: “We have seen previous research linking tea and coffee to type 2 diabetes prevention and this study combines the results of several studies. Green tea contains catechins and many other nutritional products that regularize the blood sugar levels considerably. Many physicians, including myself, consider impaired glucose tolerance a form of pre-diabetes that may become diabetes. Triglycerides decreased 34 and 25% in groups consuming 1 and 2 g of bay leaves, respectively. Added sugar should contribute to no more than 10 per cent of dietary energy, said Ms Chia. This translates to approximately 40g to 55g or 8 to 11 tsp of sugar daily. This limit includes sugar added to beverages as well as food such as cakes and candies.
For example, if you need 1,800kcal per day, you should limit your sugar intake to 45g per day. Research has shown that drinking sugary drinks is linked to type 2 diabetes, and the American Diabetes Association recommends that people limit their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages to help prevent diabetes, said Ms Chia. Taken together, these results show that catechins lower risk for lifestyle-related diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes – while also reducing the side effects of diabetes, including high BP. A further reduction to below 5 per cent or roughly 25g (6 tsp) per day would provide additional health benefits, said Ms Chia. As a guide, there is 25g of sugar in less than one can drink. People with diabetes should also look at their total carbohydrate intake rather than only at the sugar content of the food they eat. They should aim for about 50 per cent of their energy intake from carbohydrates and spread it out through the day, said Ms Chia.
One way of doing this is to have small frequent meals, she added. With diabetes, it is encouraged that people limit added sugars as much as possible and get their carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low fat dairy, said Ms Chia. The recommended number of servings is based on your weight, activity level, diabetes medicines and goals for your blood glucose levels. Your dietitian or diabetes educator can work with you to make a personalised plan. A general guideline is to have 45g to 60g of carbohydrates at each meal, and 15g to 20g of carbohydrates for each snack, said Ms Chia. On an average, two slices of bread has 30g of carbohydrates, one cup of rice has 45g of carbohydrates and one small apple or a serve of fruit has 15g to 20g of carbohydrates, she added.