[ Diabetes Type 1 ]

African Americans and Diet

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) defines cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks. Could factors such as differences in lifestyle or access to health care play a role, or is there something else in play? Twenty-five African American women aged 46 to 87 years, participated in the study. Existing research shows that African-Americans experience SDM less often than whites, a fact which may contribute to racial disparities in diabetes outcomes. The acute insulin response (AIR) to glucagon in obese DKA patients (0.9 ± 0.1 ng/ml) was lower than in obese hyperglycemic subjects (1.5 ± 0.1 ng/ml, P < 0.01), but significantly greater than in lean patients with DKA (0.1 ± 0.1 ng/ml, P < 0.01). Compared to Asian-Americans, Native Americans were 64 percent more likely to develop dementia, and African-Americans were 44 percent more likely. DM increases the risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), which is a transition state between normal cognition and dementia that is often characterized by memory and executive function deficits. I’m a type 2 myself, and so is my mother. Although African Americans are known to be at higher risk for cardiovascular complications than Whites or Hispanics, they appear to have lower triglyceride concentrations than Whites or Hispanics in the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In turn, that strengthens their ability to care for others. In 2006, African Americans with diabetes were 1.5 times more likely to be hospitalized and 2.3 times more likely to die from diabetes than non-Hispanic whites. Now for some good news. Considering the high levels of heart disease in African Americans, you would think they might lack HDL cholesterol, at least compared with whites. So that’s good news. Authored by registered dietitian, Melanie Thomassian. If you take medication for these conditions, you may require less once you've lost weight. This will help reduce side effects from medication, as well as medical costs. We performed a comprehensive evaluation of the LD region of T2D loci reported in European and Asian GWAS in a meta-analysis of six AfA GWAS. The researchers suggest that the apparent inhibition of glucose metabolism in blacks may be a reflection of an environment where food was scarce or that the diet was significantly different to that consumed by whites. By modifying recipes and decreasing portion sizes, African Americans may reduce their weight and the chronic diseases that accompany it. Although African Americans have a healthy acceptance of a wider range of body sizes, their tolerance may lead to more obesity and serious obesity-related health problems. To evaluate your weight, compare it to a body mass index (BMI) table. The higher your BMI, the higher your risk for chronic diseases. Excess weight carried above the waist is a stronger risk factor than excess weight carried below the waist. Many families do not make nutrition a top priority, and children are suffering increasing obesity rates. In addition, the rate of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure is on the rise in this population. The following chart shows the percentages of overweight children by race. "Overweight" is defined as body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile cutoff points calculated by the National Health Examination Survey (NHES). Some people may inherit genes that enable them to eat more than others, without gaining weight. Unfortunately, this is only a small percent of our population. On the other hand, many people inherit genes that make it difficult for them to lose weight. For most Americans, eating less and increasing physical activity is the best method for maintaining a healthy weight and good health. Being obese greatly increases the chances for developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually affects adults. However, with the increasing rates of obesity in children, the risk of type 2 diabetes in teens is on the rise.

African American teenage girls are at especially high risk. Hearing/Vision (i.e., severe diabetic retinopathy) or motor (e.g., peripheral neuropathy) impairment that precludes research participation. I realized that my diabetes wasn’t getting any better because I wasn’t doing anything to make it better. Obesity and consuming a diet high in sodium (found in salt) increase the risk for high blood pressure. To prevent hypertension, lose weight and cut back on dietary sodium found in table salt. Highly processed foods such as TV dinners, soy sauce, lunch meat, canned foods and “fast food” are also high in sodium. Left uncontrolled, hypertension may lead to strokes, heart disease, and kidney failure.

For information about hypertension and African Americans, click here. Although the exact causes for different cancers are not known, most studies show a connection between diet and certain types of cancer. A high fat diet has been linked to colon, breast and prostate cancer. Consuming a low fat diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables is beneficial in preventing many types of cancer. For information about colon cancer and African Americans, click here. For information about prostate cancer and African Americans, click here. With the approval of your health care provider, set a reasonable weight loss goal, make a diet and exercise plan, and start taking charge of your weight.

Ask your health care provider for a referral to a Registered Dietitian to help you develop a meal plan that meets your lifestyle. Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style (PDF version – requires Adobe Acrobat) NOTE: This site contains a PDF document, which can be opened if you have Adobe Acrobat on your computer. The PDF document is formatted “cook book style,” with pictures and recipes that you can print out. A large soda from a fast food restaurant can have over 500 calories! Nurses, certified diabetes educatorsand registered dietitians will help you understand how to manage your diabetes. Drink plain water– it saves you money and calories. If you skip your daily candy bar, you will save 250 calories a day.

Skip the soda and bag of chips, and you’ve cut another 250 calories. Over a 4-week period, that can add up to a 2-4 pound weight loss! That might not seem like a lot, but slow, sensible weight loss will build good habits that last a lifetime. Several studies have shown that as the number of hours of TV viewing goes up, so does a person’s weight. This is probably because of the “semi-conscious munching” of snack foods that often accompanies television watching, as well as decreased physical activity. Turn off the tube and get moving. Studies have shown that when you write down what you eat, you tend to eat less.

Keeping a food diary makes you more aware of your eating habits and also makes you more accountable for your actions. Studies show that people who exercise regularly are much more likely to have long-term weight loss success. Keep exploring until you find a physical activity that suits you. Find a friend to join you. I have it pretty much under control now that I know how to manage it. Have you ever tried yoga? Do you enjoy a walk after dinner?

Aim for 30-60 minutes of continuous activity 3-5 times per week.

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